Bioethical reflexivity and requirements ofvalid consent: conceptual tools

Despite existing international, regional and national guidance on how to obtain valid consent tohealth-related research, valid consent remains both a practical and normative challenge. This challenge persistsdespite additional evidence-based guidance obtained through conceptual and empirical research in specificlocalities on the same subject. The purpose of this paper is to provide an account for why, despite this guidance,this challenge still persist and suggest conceptual resources that can help make sense of this problem andeventually mitigate it’.

John Barugahare