|Title||The incidence of HIV-1 associated with injections and transfusions in a prospective cohort, Rakai, Uganda.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Kiwanuka, N, Gray, RH, Serwadda, D, Li, X, Sewankambo, NK, Kigozi, G, Lutalo, T, Nalugoda, F, Wawer, MJ|
|Journal||AIDS (London, England)|
|Date Published||2004 Jan 23|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Blood Transfusion, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, HIV Infections, Humans, Incidence, Injections, Male, Middle Aged, Poisson Distribution, Prospective Studies, Rural Health, Uganda|
The incidence of HIV associated with medical injections was assessed in a cohort of 6868 HIV-negative individuals; 42.8% reported injections and 0.5% reported transfusions. The Poisson adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of incident HIV were 1.05% (CI 0.75-1.46) associated with medical injections, and 3.92 (CI 1.22-12.58) associated with transfusions. Sexual behaviours were significantly associated with HIV risk. Medical injections did not increase HIV acquisition in this rural Ugandan population.