The incidence of HIV-1 associated with injections and transfusions in a prospective cohort, Rakai, Uganda.

TitleThe incidence of HIV-1 associated with injections and transfusions in a prospective cohort, Rakai, Uganda.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKiwanuka, N, Gray, RH, Serwadda, D, Li, X, Sewankambo, NK, Kigozi, G, Lutalo, T, Nalugoda, F, Wawer, MJ
JournalAIDS (London, England)
Volume18
Issue2
Pagination342-4
Date Published2004 Jan 23
ISSN0269-9370
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Blood Transfusion, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, HIV Infections, Humans, Incidence, Injections, Male, Middle Aged, Poisson Distribution, Prospective Studies, Rural Health, Uganda
Abstract

The incidence of HIV associated with medical injections was assessed in a cohort of 6868 HIV-negative individuals; 42.8% reported injections and 0.5% reported transfusions. The Poisson adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of incident HIV were 1.05% (CI 0.75-1.46) associated with medical injections, and 3.92 (CI 1.22-12.58) associated with transfusions. Sexual behaviours were significantly associated with HIV risk. Medical injections did not increase HIV acquisition in this rural Ugandan population.

Alternate JournalAIDS
Full Text
PubMed ID15075560