Acceptance of routine testing for HIV among adult patients at the medical emergency unit at a national referral hospital in Kampala, Uganda.

TitleAcceptance of routine testing for HIV among adult patients at the medical emergency unit at a national referral hospital in Kampala, Uganda.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsNakanjako, D, Kamya, M, Daniel, K, Mayanja-Kizza, H, Freers, J, Whalen, C, Katabira, E
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume11
Issue5
Pagination753-8
Date Published2007 Sep
ISSN1090-7165
KeywordsAdult, Catchment Area (Health), Emergency Medical Services, Female, HIV Seropositivity, Hospitals, State, Humans, Male, Periodicity, Referral and Consultation, Uganda
Abstract

HIV testing is an entry point to comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention and care. In Uganda, Routine Testing and Counseling for HIV (RTC) is not widely offered as part of standard medical care in acute care settings. This study determined the acceptance of RTC in a medical emergency setting at Mulago national referral hospital. We interviewed 233 adult patients who were offered HIV testing. Overall, 83% were unaware of their HIV serostatus and 88% of these had been to a health unit in the previous six months. Of the 208 eligible for HIV testing, 95% accepted to test. Half the patients were HIV infected and 77% of these were diagnosed during the study. HIV testing was highly acceptable and detected a significant number of undiagnosed HIV infections. We recommend adoption of RTC as standard of care in the medical emergency unit in order to scale HIV diagnosis and linkage to HIV/AIDS care.

Alternate JournalAIDS Behav
Full Text
PubMed ID17096199
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